Fishing in a River, Picnicking on the Beach

Hi all readers! we meet again with our grammar lesson! hehehe πŸ˜€

Example 1:

  • The boy was fishing beside the river. (WRONG)

This is another common mistake of students. The first sentence is wrong because if the boy were fishing beside the river, he would not catch any fish as he would be doing it some distance away from the river. πŸ˜€

According to the Oxford Dictionary, one catches fish in an area of water. The area of water can be a stream, river, pond, lake or sea. The correct preposition to use for fishing in such places is in. So, a person fishes in a stream, river, pond, lake or sea.

The correct way to speak or write is:

  • The boy was fishing in the river. (CORRECT)

Example 2:

  • They were picnicking beside the beach. (WRONG)

In the sentence, if the group of people were picnicking beside the beach, they would not be enjoying themselves at all because they would not be doing it on the soft, fine sand of the beach. They might be doing it on some patch of secondary jungle or some stony ground some distance away from the beach. πŸ˜€

The correct preposition to use is on.

  • The were picnicking on the beach.

Problems in Pronouncing?

Many of us are unsure how to pronounce the d at the ends of regular verbs or action words which show either the past tense or the past participle.

There are FOUR ways of pronouncing the d. It can be pronounced as either tid, did, d or t.

1. For verbs ending in ‘t’, pronounce the ted at the end of the word as ‘tid’.

Examples:
  • hunted – han-tid
  • wanted – wan-tid
  • started – star-tid

2. For verbs ending in ‘d’, pronounce the ded at the end of the words as ‘did’.

Examples:

  • stranded – stran-did
  • pounded – paun-did
  • wounded – woon-did

3. For verbs ending in a voiced or a ‘che’ sound, pronounce the ed at the end of the words as ‘d’.

Examples:

  • planned – plaend
  • called – kald
  • willed – weeld

4. For verbs ending in a voiceless or ‘s’, ‘sh’, ‘ch’ or ‘z’ sound, pronounce the ed at the end of the words as ‘t’.

Examples:

  • missed – mist
  • pushed – pusht
  • branched – brancht
  • buzzed – bast

Mutton is NOT Goat’s Meat

  1. The government is encouraging the people to rear goats because the country still has to import a lot of mutton.
  2. The government is encouraging the people to rear goats because the country still has to import a lot of goat’s meat.
Sentence 1 above is wrong because the word mutton does not mean goat’s meat. Mutton actually means the meat of sheep.
In sentence 2, the correct phrase, goat’s meat, is used.
INCIDENTALLY, the words for the flesh of other animals used as food are beef for cattle, pork for pigs, and venison for deer. The flesh of poultry, other types of birds and fish is referred to by the name of the animal which the flesh is obtained such as chicken, duck, goose, pigeon, pheasant, fish, sardine, mackerel, oyster, eel, etc.
For the more unusual types of meat, they are called by the plural of the names of the names of the animals from which they are derived. You can say people also eat dogs, crocodiles, kangaroos, elephants, camels, and snakes. You can also refer to these different types of meat as dog meat, crocodile meat, kangaroo meat, elephant meat, camel meat and snake meat.

Nobody Bathes at Home

The title is sounds weird right? Okay, let me explain to all of you. Keen reading okay? πŸ™‚

The sentence below is wrong because many people do not know the actual meaning of bathe. To bathe actually means to swim. To bath can also mean to wash an injured part of the body.

The CORRECT words use for washing the whole body in a bath are taking a bath.

As for example:

  • You have to bathe before you can put on your new clothes. (WRONG)
  • You have to take a bath before you can put on your new clothes. (CORRECT)

* SO, please don’t bathes at home okay? haha πŸ˜€

Z versus S?

Recognise – Recognize, Realise – Realize, Memorise – Memorize, etc.

Meet again readers! πŸ˜‰

Today, I will talk about..

 

We are often confused as to whether to use the letter s or z to spell words similar to the ones shown above. In the past, only s was accepted by teachers and examiners alike because it is the letter the British use when they spell such words.Β Australians also prefer the use of s.

Americans, on the other hand, spell such words with a z. Nowadays, the Β American spelling is also accepted. So, students can use either s or z but we should be consistent throughout their writing.

  • If they use s, then we should try to use s every time they spell such words.
  • If they use z, then we should use z throughout their writing.

For example:

She realised that she did not recognize anybody in the room. (WRONG)

# SO, the sentence can be written in two ways:

  • She realised that she did not recognise anybody in the room.

OR

  • She realized that she did not recognize anybody in the room.

Okay readers, thats all for now. bye! πŸ™‚

Cater for is GOOD while Cater to is BAD

HI alls! grammar lesson again.. hehehe πŸ˜€

To cater for means to provide what is needed by somebody while cater to means to satisfy a need which is generally unpopular or unacceptable.

Since these are the actual meanings of the phrases, Sentence 1 and 3 are WRONG while Sentence 2 and 4 are CORRECT.

  1. This organisation caters to the very poor. (WRONG)
  2. This organisation caters for the very poor. (CORRECT)
  3. This kind of entertainment caters for perverted people. (WRONG)
  4. This kind of entertainment caters to perverted people. (CORRECT)

Compliment-Complement, Quite-Quiet, Diary-Dairy, Sole-Soul

Hi readers! this time, we will learn how to differentiate between the four words above. Keep reading! πŸ˜‰

The four words in bold below are wrong because they are mistaken for words with the same or almost the same sounds and spelling but with different meanings.

1. I complement her on her ability to draw.

In the first sentence, to complement means to add new or contrasting features or qualities to improve something or to make it complete. The word that the writer or speaker should use is compliment which means to express admiration or praise of somebody or something. The correct sentence is:

  • I compliment her on her ability to draw.

2. The children were quiet noisy.

In the second sentence, the writer or speaker mistook quiet for quite. Quite means with very little or no noise whereas quite means very. The correct way to write or say the sentence is:

  • The children were quite noisy.

3. She would write in her dairy every day.

In the third sentence, the writer or speaker mistook dairy for diary. As a noun dairy means a place where milk is kept and milk products are made or a shop where milk, butter, eggs, etc. are sold. As an adjective, dairy means concerned with producing milk and not meat. So, the third sentence should be written or said as:

  • She would write in her diary every day.

4. He was the soul survivor of the crash.

The fourth sentence is wrong because soul means the spiritual part of a person. The phrase soul survivor makes one think that the ghost of the dead person did not die and was wandering every where! freaky right?? The word needed for the fourth sentence is sole which means one and only. The correct way of writing the sentence is:

  • He was the sole survivor of the crash.

Okay readers, we will continue our grammar lesson in the next, next, next, next… postings. hehe πŸ˜€

bye! take care. πŸ˜‰